Definitions from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development are helpful in understanding the breakdown of the PIT results.

Chronically homeless: An individual with a disabling condition who has been homeless for a year or more, or at least four times within the past three years.
Emergency shelter: Any facility the primary purpose of which is to provide temporary shelter for the homeless in general or for specific populations of the homeless for up to 90 days.
Homeless: An individual who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence.
Sheltered: In emergency shelter or transitional housing.
Subpopulation: Groups of individuals with similar characteristics such as veterans, youth, or disabled.
Transitional housing: A program that has its purpose facilitating the movement of homelessness individuals and families to permanent housing within a reasonable amount of time (usually 24 months).
Unsheltered: Living in a place not meant for human habitation.

Annual Point In Time count

What is the Point In Time count?
The Council for the Homeless conducts a county-wide “one-day homeless count” on the same date once each year. The count is known as the annual Point in Time (PIT) count.

Why do an annual count?
PIT provides a statistical snapshot of homelessness in our community and helps us understand trends and needs. PIT is required by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and by Washington state law.

Who is counted? Who conducts the count?
Council for the Homeless staff, volunteers and outreach workers from other organizations visit shelters, transitional housing facilities, and other locations (such as outdoor gathering places) throughout Clark County where people who are homeless may congregate. “Counters” ask for permission to talk with and gather information from the individuals they meet.


   Part I. Homeless Population

Number in Emergency Shelter Number in Transitional Shelter Number of Unsheltered Temporarily Living with Family or Friends
Number of Families with Children
(Family Households):
37 103 18 230*
Number of Households without Children:
110 126 113 56*
Number of Households without Adults
(nobody over 17 years old):
7 4 2 54*
1. Number of Persons in Families with Children: 106 277 52 710*
2. Number of Single Individuals and Persons in Households without Children: 126 126 133 66*
3. Number of Persons in Households without Adults
(nobody over 17 years old):
7 8 2 58*
Total Persons:
(Add Lines Numbered 1, 2 & 3)
239 411 187 834*

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   Part 2: Subpopulations of the overall homeless population

Number in Emergency Shelter Number in Transitional Shelter Number of Unsheltered Temporarily Living with Family or Friends
a. Chronically Homeless Individuals 25 N/A 44 15*
b. Chronically Homeless Families 2 N/A 3 2*
c. Persons in Chronically Homeless Families 7 N/A 12 5*
d. Mentally Disabled 36 31 45* 20*
e. Persons with alcohol and/or other drug problems 22 46 33* 16*
f. Veterans 35 28 32 12*
g. Persons with HIV/AIDS 0 7 0* 0*
h. Victims of Domestic Violence 48 90 20* 2*
i. Unaccompanied Youth (Under 18) 7 8 2* 51*
j. Children (Under 18) in Families 60 183 26* 421*
k. Physically Disabled 59 70 33* 24*
l. Seasonal Agricultural Workers 0 0 0* 0*
m. Persons with both substance use and mental health problems 9 10 16* 5*
n. Senior citizens (aged 65 or older) 1 2 3* 2*

*These specific counts are not required for the PIT. Council for the Homeless and its partners count these categories to increase our understanding of homelessness in Clark County.

What do the 2011 PIT results mean for our community?

Compared to 2010, the total number of homeless persons decreased by a moderate 24%. Unfortunately, the number of people counted living with family and friends rose from 621 in 2010 to 834.

Thoughts from Craig Lyons, Executive Director of Council for the Homeless

We attribute the decline in the most vulnerable people living on the street to strong collaboration, successful advocacy for much needed resources from government and private contributors and community-wide volunteerism and generosity. Caring neighbors who are helping out those in temporary crisis beautifully illustrates how strongly this community cares for itself. We have more work to do as a community to help our neighbors who are homeless and those who are on the verge of becoming homeless.

Read Point In Time local media coverage

The Columbian

The Battle Ground Reflector
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